Beyond the hedonic treadmill:
revising the adaptation theory of well-being
Ryan RM, Deci EL.
Department of Clinical and Social Sciences in Psychology,
University of Rochester,
Rochester, NY 14627, USA.
Annu Rev Psychol. 2001;52:141-66.
ABSTRACTWell-being is a complex construct that concerns optimal experience and functioning. Current research on well-being has been derived from two general perspectives: the hedonic approach, which focuses on happiness and defines well-being in terms of pleasure attainment and pain avoidance; and the eudaimonic approach, which focuses on meaning and self-realization and defines well-being in terms of the degree to which a person is fully functioning. These two views have given rise to different research foci and a body of knowledge that is in some areas divergent and in others complementary. New methodological developments concerning multilevel modeling and construct comparisons are also allowing researchers to formulate new questions for the field. This review considers research from both perspectives concerning the nature of well-being, its antecedents, and its stability across time and culture.Eugenics talk
Eugenics before Galton
Preimplantation genetic diagnosis
Hedonic versus eudaimonic well-being
Gene therapy and performance enhancement
Hedonic set point model of happiness and marital status
and further reading
The Good Drug Guide
The Abolitionist Project
The Hedonistic Imperative
The Reproductive Revolution
Hedonism and Homeostasis
MDMA: Utopian Pharmacology
Critique of Huxley's Brave New World