The province of East Prussia and "euthanasia" during national socialism:
the SS-"Aktion Lange" and "Aktion T4"

Topp S, Fuchs P, Hohendorf G, Richter P, Rotzoll M.
Intitut für Geschichte der Medizin,
Justus-Liebig-Universität Giessen.
Medizinhist J. 2008;43(1):20-55.


During World War II, psychiatric patients hospitalized in asylums in Eastern Prussia became victims of two separate killing programmes: first, by the SS-special command Lange, second by the centrally (in Berlin) organized "euthanasia"-"Aktion T4". By an analysis of the patient files of the victims, the present paper shows that the historical actors responsible for the killings were communicating with each other. It is now also possible to reconstruct the exact dynamic in time and space of the killings. A comparative analysis of the selection criteria within the total population of the asylums documents that in both programs, the responsible historical actors included physicians and provincial administrative personnel; it further shows that under the conditions of war, only patients who were able to contribute to the asylum work and economy, and were behaviourally adapted could survive.
Personal genomics
Psychiatric genetics
Human self-domestication
Selecting potential children
Brain size/human evolution
German geneticists in the service of war?
Sterilization: the USA versus Germany (1933-45)
European eugenics, genetics, politics and sterilization laws in the 1930s

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