Recent advances in neurofibromatosis type 1
Arun D, Gutmann DH.
Department of Neurology,
Washington University School of Medicine
St. Louis Children's Hospital,
St. Louis, Missouri, USA.
Curr Opin Neurol. 2004 Apr;17(2):101-5.


A PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The past decade, since the identification of the neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) gene, has witnessed great advances in our understanding of the role of the NF1 gene in the molecular pathogenesis of NF1-associated clinical abnormalities. The purpose of this review is to highlight recent advances in defining the molecular etiology of nervous system tumors and learning disabilities. RECENT FINDINGS: Neurofibromas and optic pathway gliomas result from NF1 inactivation in Schwann cells and astrocytes, respectively, but other cellular factors contribute to tumorigenesis. In addition, malignant progression of plexiform neurofibromas to malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors requires additional genetic changes, including increased expression of growth factor receptors, molecules that are involved in tumor invasion and metastasis, and inactivation of critical cell cycle regulators. In addition, specific types of NF1 gene mutation may be associated with an increased risk for malignancy in individuals with NF1. SUMMARY: Research over the past few years has resulted in a detailed understanding of the molecular genetics of benign and malignant tumors affecting individuals with NF1 as well as the development of refined small animal models for these tumors. In addition, clinical studies have begun to define specific subpopulations of patients at risk for cancer and have identified targeted therapies for NF1-associated tumors, based on basic science research advances.
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Genetic enhancement
Germline genetic engineering
Congenital insensitivity to pain
Mood genes and human nature
Preimplantation genetic diagnosis
A life without pain? Hedonists take note'
'The Principle of Procreative Beneficience'
Gene therapy and performance enhancement
Transhumanism (H+): toward a Brave New World?

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Utopian Surgery?
The Good Drug Guide
The Abolitionist Project
The Hedonistic Imperative
The Reproductive Revolution
MDMA: Utopian Pharmacology
Critique of Huxley's Brave New World