Preimplantation genetics: Improving access to stem cell therapy
Kuliev A, Rechitsky S, Tur-Kaspa I, Verlinsky Y.
Reproductive Genetics Institute, 2825 N. Halsted St.,
Chicago, IL 60657, USA.
Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2005;1054:223-7.
ABSTRACTThere has been progress in the application of stem cell transplantation for treatment of an increasing number of severe congenital and acquired bone marrow disorders, currently restricted by the availability of human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-matched related donors. Preimplantation HLA typing has recently been introduced to improve the access to stem cell therapy for inherited bone marrow failures. Preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) provides an option not only for avoiding an affected pregnancy with thalassemia and other inherited disorders but also for preselection of the HLA-compatible donors for affected siblings. Multiple short tandem repeat markers throughout the HLA region are applied for this purpose, allowing 100% accuracy of HLA typing, through picking up possible recombination in the HLA region, as well as the copy number of chromosome 6, which affect accuracy of preimplantation HLA typing. Present experience of preimplantation HLA typing includes preimplantation HLA typing in 180 cycles, 122 of which were done as part of PGD for Fanconi anemia, thalassemia, Wiscott-Aldrich syndrome, hyper-immunoglobulin M syndrome, hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia with immune deficiency, and X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy, and 58 for the sole purpose of HLA typing for leukemias and for aplastic and Diamond-Blackfan anemia. The applied method resulted in the accurate preselection and transfer of 100% HLA-matched embryos, yielding already three dozen clinical pregnancies and the birth of two dozen HLA-matched children to the siblings requiring stem cell transplantation. Successful therapy with HLA-matched stem cells, obtained from these PGD children, has been achieved already for Diamond-Blackfan anemia hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia with immune deficiency and thalassemia.Biohappiness
Selecting potential children
Transhumanism/Brave New World?
Francis Galton and contemporary eugenics
Gene therapy and performance enhancement
The commercialisation of pre-natal enhancement
and further reading
The Good Drug Guide
The Abolitionist Project
The Hedonistic Imperative
The Reproductive Revolution
MDMA: Utopian Pharmacology
Critique of Huxley's Brave New World